Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can be defined as emotional, behavioral, and physical symptoms that occur in the premenstrual (luteal) phase of the menstrual cycle, which are relieved by the start of menses. Studies have suggested that as many as 80% of women experience mild to moderate premenstrual symptoms, and approximately 3-8% experience severe symptoms.
PMS can begin at any time during the reproductive years and symptoms resolve with menopause (although symptoms may worsen initially in the perimenopausal interval).
Although there seems to be a strong association with depression, the cause of PMS is not known.
PMS occurs only with cycles in which an egg is released awaiting fertilization (ovulatory cycle).
Therefore, the target of some therapies is the inhibition of ovulation.
Because PMS is not a disease, the goal of therapy is the alleviation of symptoms rather than finding a cure. Treatments need to be individualized for each woman based on her symptoms.
Often, lifestyle measures such as dietary modification and moderate aerobic exercise (at least three times per week) are all that are required to completely control premenstrual symptoms. Medications or nutritional supplements are commonly used. Surgery is considered a last-resort and is rarely performed for PMS alone.
The Medifocus Guide on Premenstrual Syndrome provides answers to the following important questions and medical issues:
What are the most common symptoms of premenstrual syndrome?
Are there any recognized risk factors for developing premenstrual syndrome?
What is the current standard of care for the treatment of premenstrual syndrome?
What treatment options are available for the management of premenstrual syndrome?
Are there any promising new developments or potential breakthroughs in treatment?
Who are the most notable medical authorities who specialize in premenstrual syndrome?
Where are the leading hospitals and centers of research for premenstrual syndrome?
What are the most important questions to ask my doctor about premenstrual syndrome?
What Your Doctor Reads:
This MediFocus Guide contains an extensive listing of citations and abstracts of recent journal articles that have been published about this condition in trustworthy medical journals. This is the same type of information that is available to physicians and other health care professionals. A partial selection of journal articles that are abstracted in this MediFocus Guide includes:
Premenstrual syndrome is real and treatable. Practitioner. 2000
Desideratum dermatologicum--cause and control of premenstrual acne flare. International Journal of Dermatology. 2000
Is it premenstrual syndrome? Keys to focused diagnosis, therapies for multiple symptoms. Postgraduate Medicine. 2000
Evaluating and managing premenstrual syndrome. Medscape Womens Health. 2000
Micronutrients and the premenstrual syndrome: the case for calcium. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2000
The potential for dietary supplements to reduce premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2000
Calcium treatment for premenstrual syndrome. Annals of Pharmacotherapy. 1999
Premenstrual syndrome: diagnosis and intervention. Nurse Practitioner. 1998
Premenstrual syndrome. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 1998
Treatment strategies for premenstrual syndrome. American Family Physician. 1998
MediFocus.com understands that consumers
who are facing serious medical issues need access to credible, up-to-date medical
information to help them make informed health-care decisions. That's why we've
developed the MediFocus Guides...the
most advanced and trustworthy patient research guides for over 200 chronic and
life-threatening conditions. Each MediFocus
Guide includes a detailed overview of the condition including information
about diagnosis, treatment options, cutting-edge research, and new developments;
excerpts of important journal articles from the current medical literature focusing
on standard treatments and treatment options; a directory of leading authors and
medical institutions who specialize in the treatment of the condition; and a listing
of organizations and support groups where you can obtain additional information
about the illness.
MediFocus Guides are the perfect
solution for consumers who wish to gain an in-depth understanding of their medical
issue and avail themselves of the same type of professional level medical information
that is used by physicians and other health-care professionals to help then in
the clinical decision making process. Medifocus:
Medical Information You Can Trust